masthead abstract

What is Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow and mainly affects adults. AML is characterized by the excessive growth of immature blood forming cells in the bone marrow. AML is the most common acute leukemia in adults.

What is Relapsed & Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

AML is a rapidly advancing cancer. Sometimes, leukemia cells return after initial treatment (relapse) or are resistant to treatment (refractory).

AML Types

There are many subtypes of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). Your doctor can provide more information on your specific case and leukemia treatment option.

Symptoms

  • Frequent infections and fever: The job of white blood cells is to ward off infections and protect our bodies from foreign germs and bacteria. Because AML reduces the number of healthy white blood cells, the body is not as capable of defending against foreign germs and bacteria. Therefore, patients with AML may have an increased rate of infections and fevers.
  • Anemia: Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body. The low level of healthy blood cells caused by AML may lead to feeling tired and/or weak, having shortness of breath, and looking pale.
  • Easy bleeding or bruising: Platelets control bleeding. Having low levels in the blood can lead to easy bleeding or bruising. This can result in the slow healing of cuts, prolonged bleeding from minor cuts and bruises with no clear cause. It can also lead to petechiae, tiny red spots under the skin.
  • Joint and bone pain: The increased number of leukemia cells can cause pain in bones, joints, or both.

Stages

There are two common staging systems used for Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). Your doctor can provide more information on your specific case and leukemia treatment option.

Treatment

Treatment for various types of AML may include: